Published 1995 by Centre for Development Studies Swansea, University of Wales in [Swansea, Wales, U.K.] .
Written in EnglishRead online
|Series||Papers in international development ;, no. 11|
|LC Classifications||HC59.69 .P36 no. 11, DT3058.T65 .P36 no. 11|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||27 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||27|
|LC Control Number||97207748|
Download social and institutional context of high fertility amongst the Gwembe Valley Tonga of Zambia
Social Organization of the Gwembe Tonga. Manchester: 40 the Gwembe Tonga Valley in Zambia, S. Clark's demographic investigation of Gwembe Tonga fertility and mortality. Objective: This study seeks to estimate male sterility for the Gwembe Tonga of Zambia using male birth histories collected by the Gwembe Tonga Research Project from towhile providing.
The Gwembe Tonga live in Zambia’s Southern Province, a region of climatic extremes including severe multiyear droughts over the past century, coupled with periods of flooding and pest infestation. Status of Gwembe Valley Tonga Children: A Biocultural Analysis’, in The Tonga-Speaking Peoples of Zambia and Zimbabwe: Essays in Honour of Elizabeth Colson, ed.
by C. Lancaster and K. Gender bias usually favors males, yet among the matrilineal Gwembe Tonga of Zambia, females appear to receive preferential treatment. It is hypothesized that children in polygynous households will.
The Social and Institutional Context of High Fertility amongst the Gwembe Valley Tonga of Zambia. Papers in International Developm Swansea: Centre for. During the s and s in India, a relatively low level of fertility of 6–8 children per woman of unbroken marriage is implicated by the social and cultural factors; the fertility was probably depressed by 15–20 percent.
An appraisal of the trends over the last 2–3 decades of the pertinent variables—age at marriage (an early and almost universal marriage); the widow remarriage. Traditionally Nepalese society favors high fertility. Children are a symbol of well-being both socially and economically. Although fertility has been decreasing in Nepal sinceit is still high compared to many other developing countries.
This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors for fertility differentials in Nepal. The integration of social interaction with economic fertility models in this book emerges as a powerful tool to overcome many of these criticisms.
First, the analysis provides a formal integration of economic, sociological, and other approaches to fertility, and shows that there is a useful and promising agenda at the intersection of these schools.
It means the low economic status leads to high fertility. Social Factors. Social factors encourage fertility which include joint family, caste system, and lack of social mobility, lower status of women, community life and joint occupation.
So, the above factors are responsible for high birth rate in the developing countries. High fertility strains budgets of poor families, reducing available resources to feed, educate, and provide health care to children.
Conversely, many characteristics of poverty contribute to high fertility—high infant mortality, lack of education for women, too little family income to “invest” in children, inequitable shares in national income, and inaccessibility of family planning.
Figure 4 shows the changing trajectories of fertility under the high‐ and low‐variant fertility scenarios. Under the baseline high‐variant scenario, total fertility declines from an initial children per woman in – to by – female education affects fertility in the contexts in which these outcomes are observed.
Figure 1. Women’s total fertility rates decrease at increasing levels of income Note: The total fertility rate (TFR) ratio is the TFR of the more-educated women, in each panel, divided by that of the less-educated women.
Sub‐Saharan Africa has the highest levels of fertility in the world, despite rapid urban growth in most nations of the region. While there are many reasons for the fact that fertility decline is slow in Africa, we hypothesize that the relationship between fertility and urbanization is obscured by the fact that urbanization takes place along a gradient.
`The Socio-cultural Context of Family and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa'. Paper presented at the African Development Bank Conference on `Population Growth and Sustainable Growth in Africa: Trends, Issues and Policies', Abidjan, September.
Bardet () is a rare study that actually shows how the status-fertility relation between identical groups’ switches from positive to negative over time. Bardet studies marital period fertility of four social classes from to in Rouen, France.
The two lower classes, the Artisans and the Ouvriers, had about 6 children in Contrastingly, Skirbekk explains that individuals with high occupation/social class have slightly lower fertility, while those with high income/wealth have about the same fertility as those less well off.
Such a negative relationship between overall status and fertility points out the education-fertility relation as education is an.
the elderly among the Gwembe Tonga people (Cliggett a, a). I made my home base in Sinafala village, located along the lakeshore in Gwembe central and chose Mazulu village, at the north end of the Gwembe Valley, as a comparison site.
Sinafala and Mazulu offer good opportunities for com parison'for a variety of reasons. The focus on fertility as a social process is not new to the field of anthropology, where much of the classic literature emphasizes the social (as opposed to biological) dimensions of reproduction.
3 In the context of Sub-Saharan Africa, Caldwell has argued that high-fertility regimes have been sustained by cultural norms, embodied in religious. The present chapter reviews and discusses the correlation between environmental factors, food intake, and social habits in male patients and its relationship to fertility health and ART outcomes.
Select Chapter 33 - The Role of Over-the-Counter Supplements in Male Infertility. In sub-Saharan Africa, to year-olds account for a large and growing segment of the population, in contrast to Western countries, where this age group accounts for only a small and shrinking proportion of the total.
According to the most recent United Nations estimate, there were 46 million 2. Basic differences affecting how low fertility is interpreted. There are a number of different ways to think about fertility decline from an evolutionary perspective (table 1).Each raises challenging and unresolved theoretical questions about: the nature of reproductive success in the contemporary world, the psychological mechanisms we think are at play, whether low fertility should.
Similar definitions of social interactions or diffusion in the context of fertility behavior have appeared in Montgomery and Casterline (), Chung (), and Bongaarts and Watkins () among others. 7 The distinction between market and nonmarket influences is important. Market influences operate only through the price system and affect.
The Social and Private Benefits of Reducing High Fertility in Low-income Countries: Implications for Sub-Saharan African and Global Economic Prospects 1 Monica Das Gupta 2, John Bongaarts3, John Cleland 4, and Shareen Joshi5 Abstract There is a large but scattered literature on the private and social benefits of reducing high fertility.
This. Using data for –97 for 22 low fertility countries, we document a dramatic change in the association of fertility levels to women's levels of labor force participation. Until the s, this association had been strongly negative. However, during the s itbecame positive, and since strongly positive.
Measures of schooling, marriage, fertility, and contraceptive use are basic to the study of adolescent fertility.
Taking data on such factors from the 11 sub-Saharan African countries for which recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data are available, this chapter provides a broad overview of current levels of, and recent changes in, adolescent fertility.
1 Subsequent chapters add more. * "The author is the undisputed world leader in this subject. The treatment is authoritative and magisterial" --Robert Goodland* The definitive work on large dams--the world’s single most controversial, divisive and expensive development issue--essential reading * Unmatched coverage of all aspects of large dams and development including economics, politics, environmental risk, energy.
Fertility is rooted in a biological sequence of conception, gestation, and birth; social and environmental factors heavily influence each stage.
Thus, the factors affecting fertility are diverse and are potentially interactive; as a result, understanding fertility change/variation requires a. The framework of the proximate determinants of fertility would lead one to expect some synchronicity between the two trends—that is, fertility declining when marriage is postponed or age at marriage remaining low when fertility remains high.
But in fact, the empirical data challenge such an assumption in. Therefore, in the context of countries with high levels of women’s education and where a large fraction of women has joined the labor force (i.e., all the countries considered in this study), it can be hypothesized that public policies that support egalitarian gender relations have an overall positive effect on fertility (Hypothesis 1.
The situation in Nigeria. Nigeria is located just outside the central African infertility belt, but recent evidence suggests that the country has high rates of infertility (Larsen, ; Okonofua, Harris, Odebiyi, Kane, & Snow, ).Among sexually experienced women age 25–49, as many as % had no living children and % had never had a fertile pregnancy based on the Nigeria DHS.
The Cultural Context of High Fertility in sub-Saharan Africa John C. Caldwell Pat Caldwell Sub-Saharan Africa may well offer greater resistance to fertility decline than any other world region.
The reasons are cultural and have much to do with a religious belief system that operates directly to sustain high. "The Gwembe Study was launched in to monitor the responses of 57, Tonga-speakers from the Middle Zambezi Valley [in Zambia] to involuntary article examines the demography of four Gwembe Tonga villages from toa period characterized first by relocation, then prosperity, and finally by economic hardship.
Introduction. Social science scholarship increasingly recognizes infertility as a devastating problem for women in many parts of the world (Inhorn and Van Balen ), particularly in the high-fertility context of sub-Saharan Africa (e.g., Boerma and Mgalla ; Feldman-Savelsberg ; Hollos and Larsen ).Regardless of its medical causes, infertility causes women in African societies.
In this context, an association between education and fertility does not mean that one affects the other in a causal sense, but simply that the two decisions are simultaneous and interdependent.
Table thus illustrates the possible ambiguity in the meaning of education-fertility associations. Depending on assumptions and evidence on the.
Coverage includes the dynamics of low and lowest-low (where the birthrate is well below average) fertility, high and increasing life expectancies in the United States, the implications of native-born fertility and other socio-demographic changes for less-skilled U.S.
immigration, ageing and age dependency in post-industrial societies, good. Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Neil Price books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. Social Change, the Social Organization of Families, and Fertility Limitation1 William G.
Axinn and Scott T. Yabiku University of Michigan The social organization of the family is a key link between macro-level social change and individual-level childbearing behavior. The family mode of organization framework and life course perspective.
tance relative to the fertility-decreasing effects of the other economic influences mentioned, since most empirical studies have found a negative relation between education and fertility or stated fertility desires.2 Avenues through which education may affect fertility control include the following: Education facilitates the acquisition of in.
High rates of social transmission are predicted to homogenize behavioural norms within particular groups [9,37,38], leading to between-group variation in the speed of fertility decline.
This can expose individual communities themselves to low-fertility norms while at lower levels of education than would be expected if they were isolated [ 35 ]. G. Gurumurthy has written: 'Culture and fertility behaviour of Yanadis' -- subject(s): Human Fertility, Population, Social aspects, Social aspects of Human fertility, Social conditions, Yanadi.Social Interactions and Fertility in Developing Countries David E.
Bloom, David Canning, Isabel Guenther, Sebastian Linnemayr unobserved cultural and institutional factors that could influence fertility. has high fertility because the rest of her group does, or if it is because of a hidden variable.relationship between fertility and development in and Figure 1 confirms that also with the most recent data, fertility is negatively associated with development up to HDI levels aroundbut that at higher levels of development the cross-sectional association between HDI and fertility.